The Contra Costa County Board of Supervisors voted Tuesday to implement a ban on certain polystyrene products, often called sytrofoam.
After a six-month grace period, the new ordinance will prohibit any business in unincorporated Contra Costa County that prepares and sells food or beverages from using polystyrene food and beverage containers, which include plates, trays, cartons, cups and clamshell-style containers. The ban is extended to county facilities and also to service providers such as private hospitals and care facilities.
The ordinance does not, however, prohibit the sale of styrofoam ice chests and packing peanuts.
Ten of 19 cities and towns in the county have already implemented similar polystyrene bans, the earliest in 1993. Richmond and San Pablo have bans that extend to polystyrene ice chests, peanuts and packaging materials.
There are 119 ordinances involving some type of polystyrene ban in California, according to the organization Californians Against Waste, which supported the county’s new ordinance.
The county did not just pass the ordinance to be consistent with other jurisdictions, but also to reduce trash in its waterways in order to be in compliance with its Municipal Regional Permit, according to county staff. Polystyrene products are made from potentially harmful chemicals, they said, and when the non-biodegradable products become litter, they tend to break down into smaller and smaller pieces, becoming difficult to clean from the environment and polluting the county’s waterways and storm drain system.
Contra Costa County Supervisor John Gioia, who represents West County communities, advocated for a broader ban on polystyrene products in the county. For nearly three decades, Gioia has helped coordinate shoreline cleanups in Richmond and says he sees “tremendous amounts” of discarded styrofoam.
“This is clearly an important ordinance that we need to do,” Gioia said.
The county’s ordinance was opposed by the California Restaurant Association, which argues that polystyrene food and beverage containers keep foods fresh and safe for eating and drinking, that alternatives are costly for businesses and that the focus should be on reducing all litter, not just sytrofoam.